Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres with the incorporated Pulp and Paper Research Institute, Poland

Description of Institute of Chemical Fibres

The Institute’s research and development activities are of an interdisciplinary character comprising: biopolymers, functional thermoplastics including biodegradable, bioprocesses, biocatalysis in polymers and fibres, biomaterials, nanotechnology, processing of polymers into film, fibrous nano-and micro-materials, non-woven and other products, paper technology, environment protection. Development works aim on the implementing of research results in medicine, agriculture , textile and plastic industry, packaging and paper materials. Important R& D domains are in the elaboration of technologies and materials for: medical devices like functional dressings, resorbable implants, sealants for blood vessels agriculture like environment-friendly plant care and protection agents, and biodegradable agrotextiles textiles like special, biodegradable and composite fibres and nonwoven.

Description of the polysaccharide research activities

Research activity in the field of polysaccharides concerns: Manufacture of PS nanofibres by electrospinning technique, Preparation of polysaccharide blends with biodegradable thermoplastic polymers for fibres, film and non-woven manufacture, Preparation of PS and blend solutions, Processing of PS solutions into 2D and 3D technical products, Enzymatic modification of natural polymers ( cellulose, starch, chitosan), Biosynthesis of modified bacterial cellulose, Biodegradation of fibres, films and other products from PS, Utilisation of biopolymers and products for medicine, agriculture, veterinary, food industry and technique, Manufacture of biomaterials based on natural and synthetic polymers, Physical-chemical and structural characteristic of PS materials (Size Exclusion Chromatography (SEC), SEM, FTIR), Microbiological and metrological testing of PS.

Main pieces of equipments

Dispax reactor for manufacture of polysaccharide products. Flow reactor for emulsifying, mixing, dissolving, dispersing, homogenizing and monitoring reactions in high-lab scale. Bioreactor with full equipment. Pilot line for the preparation of spinning solutions of various natural polymers. Pilot line for spinning of staple fibres from solutions of various natural polymers. Spinning lines in lab scale for microfibres from solutions of natural polymers. Experimental line for the forming of film/casings from polysaccharides Lab biodegradation line. Freese-drier. Liquid Chromatography instrument HP 1050, three detectors: UV-Vis, RI and Viscometer. Gel Permeation Chromatography instrument. FTIR Spectrophotometer. UV-Vis Spectrophotometers. Polarization microscope with a computer analyser. Tensile testing machine Instron. Electrical capacitance tester. Scanning Electron Microscope Quanta 200. Reactors for polycondensation volume up to 100dm3 for temperatures up to 350°C. Vac. driers for solid-state polycondensation V=50 and 220dm3. Temperature up to 250°C. Spinning banks (for continuous filament 15-250 dtex, POY yarn and bicomponent fibres 20 200 dtex) for synthetic polymers. Coater -Ernst Benz LFV 350/2 RFA. Sterilizer - "SMS" ASVE. Pilot plant for the forming of filtration and insulation materials, and technical papers from ultra-fine glass-, ceramic-, silicate-, and synthetic fibres. Equipment delivered by Benz Co for coating ( squeegee and rotogravure roller) and laminating. Max . operating width 600 mm. Meltex equipment for fusible adhesive spread. Max operating width 320mm. 3 roller calender Ramisch Max. operating width 300mm. Reeler ( operating width on rewinder - 1200mm. width of reel 25 mm ). Pressure wood double digester ( 6 vessels) with lye circulation and defibrillation-, washing-, and screening facilities. Stream-fountain dryer with auxiliary equipment for the preparation of powders from various water suspensions and solutions.

Contact:

Danuta Ciechańska

Email: ibwch@ibwch.lodz.pl, dciechan@ibwch.lodz.pl

Phone: +48 426 376 744 Fax: +48 426 376 214

Address: Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres ul. M. Sklodowskiej-Curie 19/27 90-570 Lodz, Poland

Website: http://www.ibwch.lodz.pl

Important R& D domains are in the elaboration of technologies and materials for:

  • medical devices like functional dressings, resorbable implants, sealants for blood vessels
  • agriculture like environment-friendly plant care and protection agents, and biodegradable agrotextiles
  • textiles like special, biodegradable and composite fibres and nonwoven
  • protection of the environment

By participating in numerous international R&D projects, the Institute consolidates from year to year its position in the European Research Area. The Institute belongs to the founding members of the European Polysaccharide Network of Excellence (EPNOE), an organization promoting advanced technologies in polysaccharides and related materials.

On the domestic ground, the Institute actively participates in research projects within the Operational Programme – Innovative Economy with the main objective of preparing new technologies for Polish enterprises. The Institute is also a coordinator of the project “Modern technologies for the textile industry” with the mission of preparing a vision and strategy for the development of technologies to 2020.

Since many years, Institute of Biopolymers and Chemical Fibres enjoys a well established world-wide international cooperation. Amongst partners in the cooperation are organizations from such countries as USA, Canada ,Japan, Korea, Finland, Sweden, UK, France, Italy, Belgium, The Netherlands, Denmark, Germany, Austria, Slovenia, Slovakia, Czech Republic, Spain, Rumania, Lithuania, Russia. The broad international cooperation is one of the factors enhancing the Institute’s skills in:

  • biopolymers
  • alternative technologies in the manufacture of fibres
  • biomaterials for medical uses
  • biotechnology in polymers and fibres
  • special synthetic fibres
  • fibres and film from polysaccharides
  • nanotechnology in textiles

Since several years, the Institute organizes technology trainings for students from universities and colleges. Offered is also specialized schooling and technology workshops in following areas:

  • Modern technology in the paper industry
  • Development in legislation and standardization concerning products and rules in the management of technology processes e.g. in the protection of environment, materials in contact with food
  • Methods for the testing and assessment of paper products

The Institute is editor of the quarterly Fibres & Textiles in Eastern Europe.